This is the 2021 edition of the Cardiovascular Statistics - Brazil, a multi-institutional effort to periodically provide updated information on the epidemiology of heart diseases and stroke in Brazil. The report incorporates official statistics provided by the Brazilian Ministry of Health and other government agencies, by the GBD project led by the IHME of the University of Washington, as well as data generated by other sources and scientific studies, such as cohorts and registries, on CVDs and their risk factors. The document is directed to researchers, clinicians, patients, healthcare policy makers, media professionals, the public, and others who seek comprehensive national data available on heart disease and stroke.
The Cardiovascular Statistics – Brazil 2021 is an updated and expanded version of the Cardiovascular Statistics – Brazil 2020,¹ published last year in the ABC Cardiol. It includes the most recent data on CVD as a group of conditions and five specific CVDs covered by the 2020 document, in addition to new chapters on CV risk behaviors and factors, specifically hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking and tobacco use. The work was conducted by volunteer researchers from several Brazilian Universities and research institutions led by a steering committee of five members (ALPR, CAP, DCM, GMMO, and LCCB), with the support of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology and the collaboration of the GBD Brazil Network² and of an International Committee (GAR, PP, and TAG). The document follows the methodology used by the American Heart Association to produce the annual Heart Disease & Stroke Statistics Update,³ which emphasizes epidemiological and public health data. The Cardiovascular Statistics – Brazil neither gives information on pathophysiological mechanisms nor makes treatment recommendations. Unlike guidelines and position papers, it intends to present the newest and best health-related metrics of CVD statistics of the Brazilian population.
1. Oliveira GMM, Brant LCC, Polanczyk CA, Biolo A, Nascimento BR, Malta DC, Souza MFM, Soares GP, Xavier GF Jr, Machline-Carrion MJ, Bittencourt MS, Pontes Neto OM, Silvestre OM, Teixeira RA, Sampaio RO, Gaziano TA, Roth GA, Ribeiro ALP. Cardiovascular Statistics - Brazil 2020. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020;115(3):308-439. doi: 10.36660/abc.20200812.
2. Malta DC, Passos VMA, Machado ÍE, Marinho Souza MF, Ribeiro ALP. The GBD Brazil Network: Better Information for Health Policy Decision-Making in Brazil. Popul Health Metr. 2020;18(Suppl 1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12963-020-00224-1.
3. Virani SS, Alonso A, Aparicio HJ, Benjamin EJ, Bittencourt MS, Callaway CW, Carson AP, Chamberlain AM, Cheng S, Delling FN, Elkind MSV, Evenson KR, Ferguson JF, Gupta DK, Khan SS, Kissela BM, Knutson KL, Lee CD, Lewis TT, Liu J, Loop MS, Lutsey PL, Ma J, Mackey J, Martin SS, Matchar DB, Mussolino ME, Navaneethan SD, Perak AM, Roth GA, Samad Z, Satou GM, Schroeder EB, Shah SH, Shay CM, Stokes A, VanWagner LB, Wang NY, Tsao CW; American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2021 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2021;143(8):254-743. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000950.